Exactly 9 years ago, on 1 June 2004, military troops of the MINUSTAH, the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti, invaded the country under the pretext of restoring ‘stability’. Quite the opposite.
Instead of improving the situation created by the 2004 coup, MINUSTAH managed to increase the level of violence inflicted on a people deprived of all its rights, protecting an oppressive system resting on semi-slavery work relations, where unemployment blights 70% of the economically active population and wages are at inhuman levels.
Far from promoting peace, the UN troops are committing systematic violations of the most basic human rights and introduced the scourge of cholera, which has already killed more than 8,000 and sickened over 600,000. We want to express our outrage at the United Nation’s attitude on this matter, as they chose to invoke immunity for their troops in order to refuse to provide any compensation for the families of the direct victims or any reparations for the immense harm caused to the country. Whichever way you look at it, it is untenable to continue to argue that MINUSTAH – soldiers and police officers mainly from Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Bolivia, Paraguay, Ecuador, Guatemala, Peru, Colombia, El Salvador… – should remain in Haiti.
In 2010, the Haitian Senate voted unanimously for the withdrawal of MINUSTAH troops by 2012. The Defense Ministers of the UNASUR countries noted the need to reduce the troop presence and put in place a withdrawal mechanism in June 2012, although this has remained mere words. Haitian organizations have carried out countless mass demonstrations against the MINUSTAH presence, including symbolic funerals in Petite Rivière de l’Artibonite and Port-au-Prince in October 2011. Legal proceedings are underway against the United Nations over the issue of cholera and a grouping of organizations called ‘Kolektif òganizasyon pou dedomaje viktim kolera yo’ is working tirelessly on this.
MINUSTAH has failed miserably to achieve the goals set out by the United Nations Security Council, the only objective accomplished being the military occupation of the country on behalf of interests that are not those of the Haitian people. Its presence is part of a policy that deprives the Haitian people of their citizenship, their public services, their land and their natural resources. It is also clear that MINUSTAH has only remained in place through the military and diplomatic support of Canada, the United States and France, at the service of their transnational businesses and the free trade and investment agreements that benefit them. The Haitian Senate had courageously voted against two American and Canadian mining companies entering the country, companies that are now plundering rich deposits of gold, copper and silver in the ‘poorest country’, under MINUSTAH’s protection. Haiti must cease to be the laboratory for neo-liberal economic and ‘security’ policies, which, allied with the debt, have become an extra weapon against the peoples, as we are witnessing on the American continent, in all countries of the global south and now in Europe.
Haiti does not need military troops, or MINUSTAH, or any other country. Haiti needs recognition and its dignity, its potential and its right to self-determination, as do all other nations.
Haiti needs to get rid of the hands and boots that dominate it. Haiti needs doctors, sanitation workers, educators, engineers, technicians, all at the service of the reconstruction demanded by the Haitian people, a people who have been decimated over the course of history, but who keep the dignity of being the first free and anti-slavery nation in the world.
For those reasons, on 1 June 2013, we’re calling for mobilizations for the following demands:
– The immediate withdrawal of MINUSTAH and all foreign troops from Haitian soil;
– The end of the economic occupation and the plunder, including the repeal of free-trade agreements;
– Recognition of the crimes committed by MINUSTAH, in particular the introduction of cholera, punishment for those responsible and compensation for the country’s victims;
– The repayment of the historical, financial, social and environmental debt that is owed to the Haitian people:
– A genuine policy of international cooperation that is respectful of the rights, sovereignty and self-determination of the Haitian people.
Servicio Paz y Justicia en América Latina
Campaña contra las Bases Militares Extranjeras en América Latina
Grito Continental de los Excluidos/as
Convergencia de Movimientos de los Pueblos de las Américas-COMPA
Secretariado Internacional Cristiano de Solidaridad con los Pueblos de América
Plataforma Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, Democracia y Desarrollo-PIDHDD
Tet Kole Ti peyizan Ayisyen TK-Haití
Défenseurs des Opprimés DOP-Haití
Confederation des Syndicats des secteurs privés et public CTSP-Haití
Comitê “Defender o Haiti é defender a nós mesmos”-Brasil
Rede Jubileu Sul Brasil
Comité de Solidaridad por el Retiro de las Tropas Argentinas de Haití
Central de Trabajadores de la Argentina-CTA
Diálogo 2000-Jubileo Sur Argentina
Nora Cortiñas, Madre de Plaza de Mayo Línea Fundadora-Argentina
Mirta Baravalle, Madre de Plaza de Mayo Línea Fundadora-Argentina
Comité Oscar Romero Buenos Aires-SICSAL Argentina
Coordinadora por el Retiro de las Tropas de Haití-Uruguay
Movimiento Social Nicaragüense “Otro Mundo es Posible”
Equipo de Servicios de las CEBs-Nicaragua
Cristianos Nicaragüenses por los Pobres
Comisión Ética contra la Tortura-Chile
Observatorio por el cierre de la Escuela de las Américas-Chile
Comité Oscar Romero-SICSAL Chile
Bia´lii, Asesoría e Investigación A.C-México
Centro de Documentación en Derechos Humanos “Segundo Montes Mozo S.J.” CSMM-Ecuador
Plataforma Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, Democracia y Desarrollo,
Coordenação Nacional da INTERSINDICAL-Brasil
Fórum Mudanças Climática e Justiça Social-Brasil
Rev. Luis Carlos Marrero Chasbar, Grupo de Reflexión y Solidaridad Oscar A.
Revda. Daylíns Rufín Pardo, Centro de Estudios del Consejo de Iglesias de Cuba.
Comité Oscar Romero-Amazonía peruana
Comité Oscar Romero Vigo-España
Comité Oscar Romero Madrid-España
José Luis Soto-Espacio de Comunicación Insular
Gustavo Patiño Alvarez
Manuel Vargas Chavarria
Iolanda Toshie Ide
Batay Ouvriye Solidarity Network
Haiti Anti Sweatshop Committee
One Struggle NY, South FL